A genre of cinema that was formed in Iran after the Islamic Revolution. Although child characters have appeared in many films since the beginning of Iranian cinema, the history of making films about children—what we call children’s cinema—dates back to the establishment of the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Adolescents (Kānūn-i Parvarish-i Fikrī-yi Kūdakān va Nūjavānān). The first international film festival for children and teenagers was held in Tehran in 1965 with the financial support of Kānūn, and 111 films from twenty-five countries were shown. At the end of the festival seventeen films from Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Bulgaria, Israel, Germany, the Soviet Union, Canada, Romania, the United States, and China were awarded. This festival was held annually until 1979. After the Islamic Revolution, the festival continued in two national and international sections from 1983 on. In post-revolutionary cinema, some films that appeared to be intended for children actually depicted themes that could not be addressed in ordinary films owing to censorship. Children are commonly utilized to bring up societal issues including injustice, poverty, and inequities. Despite a vast number of movies, there haven’t been many scholarly works that adequately approach children’s cinema and that deal specifically with children’s issues.